Médio Tejo Route


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Médio Tejo Route

Two men were responsible for the founding of a new kingdom, they were motivated and supported by an order to which they belonged. Portugal is the achievement of a Templar dream and the 4th Master of the Temple, Gualdim Pais is the defender of that dream.

Description

The complete route of Médio Tejo begins in the city founded by Gualdim Pais, Templar leader in Portugal. It will be from Tomar that we will follow the steps of the military defence of the Portuguese territory of Médio Tejo, which was in charge of the Templar Order for almost a thousand years.

Script

The complete route of Médio Tejo begins in the city founded by Gualdim Pais, Templar leader in Portugal. It will be from Tomar that we will follow the steps of the military defence of the Portuguese territory of Médio Tejo, which was in charge of the Templar Order for almost a thousand years.

Itinerary / Points of interest

Old Castle of Caratão

The village donated by D. Afonso Henriques to the Templars demanded another Observation Castle and defence of the Line of Tejo, but this never happened.

São Vicente Church

Founded by D. Afonso Henriques, after the conquest of Abrantes from the Moors in 1149, the Church would be reduced to ruins in one of the Moorish invasions.

Gualdim Pais

One of the biggest Portuguese knights, closely linked to the history of the foundation of Portugal. Grand Master of the Templar Order, was armed knight by King Dom Afonso Henriques on the same day the latter was proclaimed king. To Gualdim Pais is owed the foundation of several castles, among which are the castles of Almourol and the monumental work of Tomar, with its monastery and castle.

Afonso Henriques

The first king of Portugal, cognominated The Conqueror, was responsible for the foundation of the kingdom and its expansion, at the time of the Christian reconquest. For that he had the invaluable help of the Order of the Knights Templar, to whom he donated a large part of the Portuguese territory.

Paio Mendes

He was, together with Bernardo de Claraval, one of the great founders of the Portuguese kingdom. If Don Afonso Henriques and Gualdim Pais were the great masters in the battlefield, Paio Mendes, the real ay of the king, was the great political master.

Bernardo de Claraval

Responsible for spreading the word of the Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, or the Templars, with their praise to the new cavalry and main leverage of the Second Crusade of the Templars, Bernardo de Claraval had a dream: to create a state-nation as far as possible from Rome, seeing in Portugal and in its expansion the perfect location for your Order of Knights.

Abu Yusuf Ya’Qub al-Mansur

After the Christian reconquest led by Don Afonso Henriques and Gualdim Pais, one enemy overlapped to all others. Abu Yusuf was the Mouro knight who led the Almóada counterattack in the late twelfth century, and even surrounding Tomar in 1190, in an historic battle that immortalized the courage of the Knights Templar, led at the time by Gualdim Pais, already with 72 years old.

Abrantes Castle

Abrantes

Set in the impressive Defence Line of Tejo, designed by Master Gualdim Pais, the Castle of Abrantes heroically resisted two Moorish intrusion attempts. In 1179, it gets its first charter as a reward for the courage shown by the defence of the Kingdom of Portugal.

Dornes Tower

Ferreira do Zêzere

It was built by order of Mestre Gualdim. The Dornes Tower has strengthened the defence of Médio Tejo, and watched the village of Dornes and Ferreira do Zêzere in their daily activities.

Pillory of Águas Belas

Ferreira do Zêzere

Águas Belas is one of several regions donated by D. Afonso Henriques to the Order of the Temple and to Gualdim Pais. In this area, there are two examples of construction learnt by the Master in his journey to Jerusalem.

Ourém Castle

Ourém

Conquered from the Moors in the year 1136, Ourém was entirely donated by King Afonso Henriques, not to the Templars, but to his daughter, future Infanta of the Kingdom, Teresa. However, the foundation of the castle belongs to the Templar Knights.

Ancient village of Ourém

Ourém

Conquered from the Moors in the year 1136, Ourém was entirely donated by King Afonso Henriques, not to the Templars, but to his daughter, future Infanta of the Kingdom, Teresa. However, the foundation of the castle belongs to the Templar Knights and it was from this defence that the Ourém village began to grow.

Sete Montes National Forest

Tomar

Searching for the perfect place to build Tomar Castle, Mestre Gualdim Pais and his knights looked in the old wild forest for the ancient Roman ruins of Nabância.

São João Batista Church

Tomar

This church was the place of meeting and worship of the Templar Knights, founded by the order in the twelfth century. At the time of its foundation three saints represented near the door protected the Church.

Santa Maria dos Olivais Church

Tomar

The body of Mestre Gualdim Pais, as well as all the Masters of the Templar Order in Portugal are buried here - The Church of Santa Maria dos Olivais was the Pantheon of the Masters and place of worship of the Templar Knights.

Christ Convent

Tomar

Founded by D. Gualdim Pais, Convento de Cristo was the headquarters of the Templar Order in Portugal. Together with the Castle, they represent the culmination of the Order under the direction of Grandmaster Gualdim Pais.

Tomar Castle

Tomar

Founded by D. Gualdim Pais, Tomar Castle was the headquarters of the Templar Order in Portugal and within its walls lived the first people of the city. Together with the Convent, they represent the culmination of the Order under the direction of Grandmaster Gualdim Pais.

Torres Novas Castle

Torres Novas

Torres Novas went back and forward along with the lines of Médio Tejo and the origins of the castle are unknown. The fact is that D. Afonso Henriques and Gualdim Pais finally conquered the region, after the conquest of Santarém and Lisbon.

Almourol Castle

Vila Nova da Barquinha

Responsible for the settlement between Mondego and Tejo, as well as the defence of the Capital Coimbra, Almourol Castle was conquered by D. Afonso Henriques and donated to the Temple Order, so that Gualdim Parents could be in charge of the defence of the region.