Alentejo’s Heritage


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Alentejo’s Heritage

During the restoration war, one of the greatest Portuguese heroes of all times was born. Castro Melo Dinis the defender of the difficult border of Alentejo was wounded 22 times in more than 111 fights.Onslaught after onslaught, battle after battle, from north to south of the province, his achievements were narrated in European salons and his face portrayed in Italian palaces as if it was an ancient myth.He survived the generals he fought, the kings who ruled him and the wounds that time left him. The victories in the Battle of Montes Claros, Ameixial and Elvas lines made him a legend.

Description

The complete route of the Alentejo will start at the place where Dinis de Melo and Castro was born, Quinta do General in Borba. From Borba, we can follow the steps of one of the biggest Portuguese commanders throughout the War of Portuguese Restoration in the XVII century.

Script

The complete route of the Alentejo will start at the place where Dinis de Melo and Castro was born, Quinta do General in Borba. From Borba, we can follow the steps of one of the biggest Portuguese commanders throughout the War of Portuguese Restoration in the XVII century.

Itinerary / Points of interest

General Estate

Borba

Dinis de Melo e Castro was born in his estate in Borba, on the 8 of March, 1624, the third son of Jerónimo de Melo e Castro and Dona Maria Josefa Corte-Real.

Borba Castle

Borba

On 9th June the troops, commanded by the Marquis of Caracena, reached Borba and found it uninhabited. They took the groceries left behind and attacked Vila Viçosa square. The response of the Portuguese army led to the Battle of Montes Claros, near Borba.

Elvas Castle

Elvas

When the Spaniards surrounded this fortress, the plague caused 300 deaths per day, and the people starve while waiting for the help that led to the Battle of the Elvas lines

Seventeenth-century walls of Elvas

Elvas

When the Spaniards surrounded this fortress, the plague caused 300 deaths per day, and the people starve while waiting for the help that led to the Battle of the Elvas lines."

Walls and attached work of the Elvas Square

Elvas

When the Spaniards surrounded this fortress, the plague caused 300 deaths per day, and the people starve while waiting for the help that led to the Battle of the Elvas lines.

Council of War, Elvas

Elvas

The place where decisions were made about when and where to attack the Castilian squares. Here was decided the strategic maneuvers of the entire Portuguese army.

Cathedral of Elvas

Elvas

In the Cathedral of Elvas people prayed for the good return of the Portuguese soldiers, and for the death of thousands of soldiers that over 28 years of war lost their lives on behalf of the Portuguese independence.

Olivença Bridge

Elvas

An important strategic bridge connecting the Elvas Forte Square to the Olivença Square. Destroyed by the Castilian troops for their important link between the two kingdoms.

Barbacena Castle

Elvas

Constant target of harassment by the Spaniards. In 1658, the Barbacena Castle was even forced to surrender to the Duke of Ossuna. The latter would lead the enemy troops at the Battle of Castelo Rodrigo.

Vila Boim Castle

Elvas

One of the castles that could not endure a conflict of almost thirty years. It had more than a century when it was finally destroyed by the war.

Graça Fort

Elvas

In one of the highest points of the region, the place was used by the Spanish Army who took advantage of the location to point guns against the city during the siege that preceded the battle of the Elvas Lines.

Santa Luzia Fort

Elvas

The Torrecusa Marquis, Spanish general who led the Battle of Montijo, tried to rob the fort in 1644 and was forced to withdraw. The siege of Elvas, by D. Luís de Haro, got a heroic resistance that led to the Battle of Elvas Lines.

Militar Hospital – São João de Deus Convent

Elvas

Always small for the amount of injuries it received in the context of the War of Restoration, it only had 10 religious in the year of the great battle of Elvas. This hospital was the first of its order in Portugal.

Santa Bárbara Paiol

Elvas

One of the many military warehouses of Portuguese squares. Here were stored all types of ammunition and weapons to be used during the war.

Corujeira Barracks

Elvas

There are barracks scattered throughout the city of Elvas, built by the need to accommodate the military on the various defenses of the Portugal kingdom.

Estremoz Castle

Estremoz

The place where the Portuguese troops met to come to the rescue of the Elvas Forte Square, surrounded by D. Luís de Haro. It was the beginning of the battle of the Elvas Lines.

Estremoz Walls

Estremoz

Part of the defense of Estremoz, exists in the Frandina Door, an arch with the image of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, patroness of Portugal.

Hermitage of Our Lady of Orada

Estremoz

Before the march towards Elvas, and to the rescue of its squares and people, the army stopped in a small chapel near the Vendas of Alcaraviça, called Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Orada

Veiros Castle

Estremoz

D. João of Áustria, in a retaliatory attack to the population of Veiros, that continually resisted to the Spanish investees, destroyed the Menagem Tower, used at the time as an ammunition warehouse, causing huge wreckage and victims.

Monumental Set of Alcáçova

Estremoz

By order of the Regent Portuguese Queen, D. Luísa de Gusmão, was built an oratory in 1659, in thanksgiving for the Portuguese victory at the Battle of the Elvas Lines.

Campo Maior Castle

Portalegre

One of the examples of defensive modernizations of the Restoration War, was designed by Nicholas of Langres, the chief engineer of the fortifications of the Alentejo.

Ouguela Castle

Portalegre

600 knights and several Spanish infants failed the conquest of the square, leaving the dead in the fields and the stairs on the walls. Inside the square, the Portuguese defense, consisting of 45 men and women, celebrated yet another example of Portuguese value.

Vila Viçosa Church

Vila Viçosa

Proclaimed by D. João IV, on March 25th, 1646, Patroness of Portugal. At her feet, the king placed the Portuguese crown. And how many times recognized our hero, the protection of Rainha dos Anjos, mother of the Portuguese Monarchy?

Vila Viçosa Castle

Vila Viçosa

After a heroic defense against the assault of the Marquis of Caracena, the Spaniards retreated to near Borba, finding themselves against all Portuguese army in the Battle of Montes Claros.