In the Paths of Independence


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In the Paths of Independence

The first time in history that two kings met face-to-face on the battlefield, Portugal was the best. The Battle of Aljubarrota was the outburst of a process that "stole" the Portuguese kingdom to Castile and consolidated its independence, all thanks to the superior political vision of Mestre de Avis along with the brilliant military strategy of D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, Santo Condestável.

Description

The Complete route of the Paths of the Independence begins in the village of Batalha, extending to other neighbouring places. Starting in the place where, with mastery and brilliance, Nuno Álvares Pereira commanded Mestre de Avis’s troops to victory over Castile, it also includes a set of figures, events and places that somehow relate to the period of struggle for national independence from Castile.

Script

The Complete route of the Paths of the Independence begins in the village of Batalha, extending to other neighbouring places. Starting in the place where, with mastery and brilliance, Nuno Álvares Pereira commanded Mestre de Avis’s troops to victory over Castile, it also includes a set of figures, events and places that somehow relate to the period of struggle for national independence from Castile.

Itinerary / Points of interest

Monastery of Batalha

Batalha

Opposite the monastery there is a statue of Nuno Álvares Pereira on horseback and ready to fight. The monastery was erected by King João I of Portugal as a way to thank the Virgin Mary for the victory in the Battle of Aljubarrota. It took two centuries and seven kingdoms to be built from 1386 to 1517. The statue was inaugurated in 1967.

Military Field of São Jorge

Leiria

Nuno Álvares Pereira led here, in 1385, the troops of King João I of Portugal to victory against the attack of King João I of Castile. In this area, situated 2km south of the Monastery of Batalha, foot soldiers were able to defeat entire teams of cavalry making use of their knowledge of the terrain. Today, the Foundation and the Interpretation Centre of the Battle of Aljubarrota, located here, have the goat of celebrating and making known the decisive moment in the history of Portugal

São Jorge Chapel

Leiria

Erected under the orders of Nuno Álvares Pereira in 1393, the same strategic location where it would be his banner during the Battle of Aljubarrota, and as gratitude for the Portuguese victory, the Chapel of São Jorge is located in the Military Field of São Jorge

Leiria Castle

Leiria

It was next to this castle that the Castilian army encamped in 1385, on the eve of their march to the Battle of Aljubarrota. D. João I of Portugal celebrated here in 1401, the marriage of his son Afonso and started the construction work of the so-called Paços da Rainha (Hall of the Queen), or Paços Novos (New Town Hall). It was also near this castle that the Castilian army encamped in 1385, on the eve of their march to the Battle of Aljubarrota.

Porto de Mós Castle

Leiria

The Porto de Mós Castle and its surrounding populations were supporters of Mestre de Avis, with the castle serving also as camp and planning site before the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385.