Points of interest

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Points of interest

Graça Fort


In one of the highest points of the region, the place was used by the Spanish Army who took advantage of the location to point guns against the city during the siege that preceded the battle of the Elvas Lines. Hightlight

Barbacena Castle


Constant target of harassment by the Spaniards. In 1658, the Barbacena Castle was even forced to surrender to the Duke of Ossuna. The latter would lead the enemy troops at the Battle of Castelo Rodrigo.

Santa Luzia Fort


The Torrecusa Marquis, Spanish general who led the Battle of Montijo, tried to rob the fort in 1644 and was forced to withdraw. The siege of Elvas, by D. Luís de Haro, got a heroic resistance that led to the Battle of Elvas Lines.

Corujeira Barracks


There are barracks scattered throughout the city of Elvas, built by the need to accommodate the military on the various defenses of the Portugal kingdom.

Sagres Fortress

Infante D. Henrique rebuilt the village of Sagres, from 1443, and here erected its fort in order to create a navigators school from where the most capable explorers would leave, to continue the expansion of the Portuguese empire overseas. However, with the change of all procedures to Lisbon, the region ended up losing some strength.

Fort of São Julião da Barra


The largest maritime fortification in Portugal, it was built in 1553 to control the movement of vessels on the river Tejo and the ships on the port of Lisbon.

Real Fort of São Filipe

It was built in 1590, 120 meters above sea level, and this fort was the first fortification of Cape Verde, essential in the fight against pirates and privateers. In the same “Cidade Velha” ("Old Town") was also built in 1495, and following the Manueline architectural style, the oldest colonial church in the world, the Church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Our Lady of the Rosary).

Kilwa Fort

It is currently part of the ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara, but it was once one of the most equipped and costly Portuguese forts overseas. For this reason, it had a life as short as a few months it took to be built from 1505.

São Tomé Fort

One of the few examples of Manueline Portuguese fortifications in the Indian which survived until today. Built in 1518, it served to protect and consolidate the newly achieved trade routes that passed through the city of Tangasseri.

Cranganore Fortress

With walls 18 feet thick, the Portuguese built the fortress in 1507 and it lies now in ruins.

Fort of Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Ormuz

It was hard for Afonso de Albuquerque to take Ormuz and Fort of Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Ormuz (Our Lady of the Conception of Ormuz), but once he had conquered that kingdom, in 1515, all other cities and ports in the region have also become tributaries of Portugal.

Al-Jalali Fort

Along with Al-Mirani Fort, these are the "strong twins" which defended the port and the commercial city of Muscat from external naval attacks. They were both built in 1552 from the ruins of an ancient Islamic fortification, with several staircases to mislead the attacker.

Bandra Fort

Armed with seven pieces of artillery to protect the sea-lanes towards the Mumbai port, it was one of many fortifications erected by the Portuguese on the coast of western India. It was built in 1640.

Cacheu Fort

It was created in 1588 by the Portuguese to protect the first trading post founded in the Cacheu region in Guinea-Bissau. It had 16 artillery pieces.

Fort of Nossa Senhora da Piedade de Solor

It was built on an unknown date in response to a first failed attempt by the Portuguese to build a simple wooden shelter to protect themselves from Islamic native attackers, hostile to the Portuguese presence.

Fortress of Goréia Island

Erected in 1536, it became, for several centuries and by influence of the Portuguese, one of the largest trading centres of African slaves.

Jesus de Mombasa Fort

One of the most significant examples of Portuguese military architecture on the African coast, it was erected in 1596 to face the attacks of the Ottoman Turks and to protect that factory.

Massangano Fort

It was erected in 1583 and considered an important strategic point of military colonization and ensured the integrity of the Portuguese commercial networks, which included the slave trade to the Americas.


A place where the Moroccan and European architectural influences come together to create something truly unique, evidenced by the walls and bastions built from 1541 which are, today, attraction points in the city of El Jadida.

Fort of Nossa Senhora da Anunciada de Amboíno

After several attempts to build wooden structures to ensure the Portuguese influence on the island of Amboíno, - all failed due to constant Islamist attacks - the Fort of Nossa Senhora da Anunciada (Our Lady of the Annunciation) was finally built in 1576.

Jafanapatão Fortress

It was built in 1558, after the conquest of Jaffna by the Portuguese, in response to appeals from Christians recently converted by St. Francisco Xavier, who were often targets of looting by Muslim traders.

Bahrain Fort

It was enlarged in 1561 on top of a hill 12 meters high, taking advantage of an ancient Arab fortification existing and served as capital for one of the most important civilizations of the region.

Reis Magos Fortress in Goa

After choosing Goa to host the capital of the Viceroyalty of India, for its good defensive characteristics, Afonso de Albuquerque had built the first fortification in that area, taking advantage of an existing Muslim military post. The Fortress of the Magi would be built later, between 1551 and 1554, during the government of Afonso de Noronha.

Safim Stronghold

The Portuguese did not build its basic structure, but it was under the influence of that kingdom that the square has become, over the first half of the century XVI, a real walled fortress, with several elements of Portuguese architecture still easily identifiable.

Santo António de Axim Fort

It was built in 1515 by Portuguese hands, to ensure the factory's kingdom in the current Ghana. The Dutch had considerably expanded it later.

São Jerónimo Small Fort

A small defensive quadrangular structure, São Jerónimo Small Fort was built in 1566 on the seafront, just over a kilometre from São Sebastião Fort, on the island of São Tomé.

São Miguel de Luanda Fortress

This was the first defensive structure built by the Portuguese in Angola, in 1575, with a very irregular shape. It houses, today, the Museu das Forças Armada (Armed Forces Museum).

São Sebastião Fortress

It was built from 1554 by the Portuguese forces to give support to the ships sailing in “Carreira da Índia” (India Carrer). The city where it was built, the Island of Mozambique, was the capital of Portuguese East Africa for more than three centuries.

São Sebastião de Baçaim Fort

You can see the traces of Portuguese architecture in the three chapels still present in the ruins of the fortress, built in 1536.

São Sebastião de Shema Fort

The Portuguese built it in 1546 in the factory of the current Ghana and it played a central role in the so-called Coast of the Portuguese Gold.

São Tiago Fort

It was built from 1555, in a markedly Manueline style and it protected the factory in the area of ​​the Portuguese Gold Coast.

Diu Fortress

It was perhaps one of the most important and well-fortified military structures built in the Portuguese State of India. Its status was up to the importance that the city of Diu had for Portuguese trade routes in the East. It was built within a year, between 1535 and 1536.

Morro de Chaul Fortress

The conquest of the Morro de Chaul Fortress by the Portuguese in 1594, opposed 1500 soldiers and 1,500 natives against the sultanate troops, who tried to use two dead animals on the fort front and rear doors as a defense strategy: an elephant and a horse, respectively.