Points of interest


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Points of interest

Christ Convent

Tomar

Founded by D. Gualdim Pais, Convento de Cristo was the headquarters of the Templar Order in Portugal. Together with the Castle, they represent the culmination of the Order under the direction of Grandmaster Gualdim Pais. Hightlight

Almourol Castle

Vila Nova da Barquinha

Responsible for the settlement between Mondego and Tejo, as well as the defence of the Capital Coimbra, Almourol Castle was conquered by D. Afonso Henriques and donated to the Temple Order, so that Gualdim Parents could be in charge of the defence of the region. Hightlight

Elvas Castle

Elvas

When the Spaniards surrounded this fortress, the plague caused 300 deaths per day, and the people starve while waiting for the help that led to the Battle of the Elvas lines

Hightlight

Graça Fort

Elvas

In one of the highest points of the region, the place was used by the Spanish Army who took advantage of the location to point guns against the city during the siege that preceded the battle of the Elvas Lines. Hightlight

General Estate

Borba

Dinis de Melo e Castro was born in his estate in Borba, on the 8 of March, 1624, the third son of Jerónimo de Melo e Castro and Dona Maria Josefa Corte-Real. Hightlight

Vila Viçosa Castle

Vila Viçosa

After a heroic defense against the assault of the Marquis of Caracena, the Spaniards retreated to near Borba, finding themselves against all Portuguese army in the Battle of Montes Claros. Hightlight

Campo Maior Castle

Portalegre

One of the examples of defensive modernizations of the Restoration War, was designed by Nicholas of Langres, the chief engineer of the fortifications of the Alentejo. Hightlight

São Jorge Chapel

Leiria

Erected under the orders of Nuno Álvares Pereira in 1393, the same strategic location where it would be his banner during the Battle of Aljubarrota, and as gratitude for the Portuguese victory, the Chapel of São Jorge is located in the Military Field of São Jorge Hightlight

Leiria Castle

Leiria

It was next to this castle that the Castilian army encamped in 1385, on the eve of their march to the Battle of Aljubarrota. D. João I of Portugal celebrated here in 1401, the marriage of his son Afonso and started the construction work of the so-called Paços da Rainha (Hall of the Queen), or Paços Novos (New Town Hall). It was also near this castle that the Castilian army encamped in 1385, on the eve of their march to the Battle of Aljubarrota. Hightlight

Padrão dos Descobrimentos

Lisbon

A relatively recent monument, but which has a very ancient history. The current version of Padrão dos Descobrimentos (Monument to the Discoveries), near the River Tejo, was inaugurated in 1960 to honour the ones who were leading figures in the Portuguese Discoveries, which include the eminent commander Nicolau Coelho and Infante D. Henrique. At the front, on the tip of the monument, shaped as a caravel, Infante D. Henrique. On the floor, a few meters away, there is a wind rose with 50 meters in diameter. Hightlight

National Museum of Ancient Art

Lisbon

Here is the place where can find the Six Panels of São Vicente de Fora, supposedly painted in oil by THE Portuguese artist Nuno Gonçalves and which illustrate some of the main figures of the era of the Discoveries, the Portuguese society of the time and other personalities yet to assess. Hightlight

Belém Tower

Lisbon

It was erected in 1519, during the reign of King Manuel I – belonging to the Manueline style - and it is one of the national symbols of the prosperity of the country during the Discoveries. Initially it was completely surrounded by water, until it had a beach. Hightlight

Wall and Castle of Arzila

Among the Portuguese heritage, which is still possible to identify nowadays in the city of Arzila, we highlight the bastions and towers built from 1508 in the former stronghold, specially the "Couraça" which was important in loading and unloading and the imposing donjon. Hightlight

Lighthouses Head Office

It is the main management body of lighthouses and navigation aid in Portugal. It accounts for 50 headlights, 338 lights, 148 floats, 26 beacons, 35 beeps, 56 harbours and 4 stations DGPS (Differential Global Positioning System), spread across the continent and the archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira. It was created in 1924 in Paço de Arcos, Oeiras and has facilities with several purposes, from workshops and technical centres to lighthouse keepers training to museum spaces and cultural events. Hightlight

Bugio Lighthouse

It is in the Fort of São Lourenço do Bugio in Oeiras. This lighthouse has a white circular tower made out of stone, it is 14 meters tall and it has got a red lantern and balcony, with a brightness of about 28 kilometres. Its construction in the river Tejo, on a sandbank formed by the silting up of the river mouth, gives it unique characteristics in Portugal and worldwide. After nearly a century of planning and works, it finally opened in 1657. Hightlight

Cabo de São Vicente Lighthouse

With a cylindrical tower 28 meters high made in stone, and annex building, the lighthouse of Cabo de São Vicente in Sagres, has a powerful luminous range of 59 kilometres. It first came into operation in 1846. Hightlight

Lisbon Military Museum

Lisbon

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10h00 to 17h00. The largest military museum in Portugal, it opened in 1926. The Military Museum of Lisbon has a transverse collection which includes a weapons exhibition, uniforms and historical military documents. Noteworthy is the courtyard flanked by cannons, which tells the story of Portugal in tile panels from the Christian reconquest to the 1st World War. Hightlight

Buçaco Military Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10h00 to 12h30 and from 14h00 to 17h00. In 1910, 100 years after the Battle of Buçaco, the museum was founded to publicize the bravery of the Anglo-Portuguese army during the Peninsular War against the Napoleonic troops. It has weapons collections, uniforms and equipment used in battle and panels that tell the story of the conflict. Hightlight

Oporto Military Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Friday, from 10h00 to 13h00 and from 14h00 to 17h00; Saturday and Sunday from 14h00 to 17h00. The Oporto Military Museum, opened in 1980, shows all relevant political and military events that took place in the city since the French invasion until 1927. Especially the room of miniature costumes - that shows the evolution of the soldier from prehistory to the present day –the area with artillery pieces and the room of the weapons, with several pieces of military equipment. Hightlight

Abrantes Castle

Abrantes

Set in the impressive Defence Line of Tejo, designed by Master Gualdim Pais, the Castle of Abrantes heroically resisted two Moorish intrusion attempts. In 1179, it gets its first charter as a reward for the courage shown by the defence of the Kingdom of Portugal.

Dornes Tower

Ferreira do Zêzere

It was built by order of Mestre Gualdim. The Dornes Tower has strengthened the defence of Médio Tejo, and watched the village of Dornes and Ferreira do Zêzere in their daily activities.

Ourém Castle

Ourém

Conquered from the Moors in the year 1136, Ourém was entirely donated by King Afonso Henriques, not to the Templars, but to his daughter, future Infanta of the Kingdom, Teresa. However, the foundation of the castle belongs to the Templar Knights.

Ancient village of Ourém

Ourém

Conquered from the Moors in the year 1136, Ourém was entirely donated by King Afonso Henriques, not to the Templars, but to his daughter, future Infanta of the Kingdom, Teresa. However, the foundation of the castle belongs to the Templar Knights and it was from this defence that the Ourém village began to grow.

Sete Montes National Forest

Tomar

Searching for the perfect place to build Tomar Castle, Mestre Gualdim Pais and his knights looked in the old wild forest for the ancient Roman ruins of Nabância.

São João Batista Church

Tomar

This church was the place of meeting and worship of the Templar Knights, founded by the order in the twelfth century. At the time of its foundation three saints represented near the door protected the Church.

Santa Maria dos Olivais Church

Tomar

The body of Mestre Gualdim Pais, as well as all the Masters of the Templar Order in Portugal are buried here - The Church of Santa Maria dos Olivais was the Pantheon of the Masters and place of worship of the Templar Knights.

Tomar Castle

Tomar

Founded by D. Gualdim Pais, Tomar Castle was the headquarters of the Templar Order in Portugal and within its walls lived the first people of the city. Together with the Convent, they represent the culmination of the Order under the direction of Grandmaster Gualdim Pais.

Torres Novas Castle

Torres Novas

Torres Novas went back and forward along with the lines of Médio Tejo and the origins of the castle are unknown. The fact is that D. Afonso Henriques and Gualdim Pais finally conquered the region, after the conquest of Santarém and Lisbon.

Walls and attached work of the Elvas Square

Elvas

When the Spaniards surrounded this fortress, the plague caused 300 deaths per day, and the people starve while waiting for the help that led to the Battle of the Elvas lines.

Council of War, Elvas

Elvas

The place where decisions were made about when and where to attack the Castilian squares. Here was decided the strategic maneuvers of the entire Portuguese army.

Cathedral of Elvas

Elvas

In the Cathedral of Elvas people prayed for the good return of the Portuguese soldiers, and for the death of thousands of soldiers that over 28 years of war lost their lives on behalf of the Portuguese independence.

Olivença Bridge

Elvas

An important strategic bridge connecting the Elvas Forte Square to the Olivença Square. Destroyed by the Castilian troops for their important link between the two kingdoms.

Barbacena Castle

Elvas

Constant target of harassment by the Spaniards. In 1658, the Barbacena Castle was even forced to surrender to the Duke of Ossuna. The latter would lead the enemy troops at the Battle of Castelo Rodrigo.

Vila Boim Castle

Elvas

One of the castles that could not endure a conflict of almost thirty years. It had more than a century when it was finally destroyed by the war.

Santa Luzia Fort

Elvas

The Torrecusa Marquis, Spanish general who led the Battle of Montijo, tried to rob the fort in 1644 and was forced to withdraw. The siege of Elvas, by D. Luís de Haro, got a heroic resistance that led to the Battle of Elvas Lines.

Militar Hospital – São João de Deus Convent

Elvas

Always small for the amount of injuries it received in the context of the War of Restoration, it only had 10 religious in the year of the great battle of Elvas. This hospital was the first of its order in Portugal.

Corujeira Barracks

Elvas

There are barracks scattered throughout the city of Elvas, built by the need to accommodate the military on the various defenses of the Portugal kingdom.

Estremoz Castle

Estremoz

The place where the Portuguese troops met to come to the rescue of the Elvas Forte Square, surrounded by D. Luís de Haro. It was the beginning of the battle of the Elvas Lines.

Estremoz Walls

Estremoz

Part of the defense of Estremoz, exists in the Frandina Door, an arch with the image of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, patroness of Portugal.

Hermitage of Our Lady of Orada

Estremoz

Before the march towards Elvas, and to the rescue of its squares and people, the army stopped in a small chapel near the Vendas of Alcaraviça, called Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Orada

Veiros Castle

Estremoz

D. João of Áustria, in a retaliatory attack to the population of Veiros, that continually resisted to the Spanish investees, destroyed the Menagem Tower, used at the time as an ammunition warehouse, causing huge wreckage and victims.

Monumental Set of Alcáçova

Estremoz

By order of the Regent Portuguese Queen, D. Luísa de Gusmão, was built an oratory in 1659, in thanksgiving for the Portuguese victory at the Battle of the Elvas Lines.

Borba Castle

Borba

On 9th June the troops, commanded by the Marquis of Caracena, reached Borba and found it uninhabited. They took the groceries left behind and attacked Vila Viçosa square. The response of the Portuguese army led to the Battle of Montes Claros, near Borba.

Vila Viçosa Church

Vila Viçosa

Proclaimed by D. João IV, on March 25th, 1646, Patroness of Portugal. At her feet, the king placed the Portuguese crown. And how many times recognized our hero, the protection of Rainha dos Anjos, mother of the Portuguese Monarchy?

Ouguela Castle

Portalegre

600 knights and several Spanish infants failed the conquest of the square, leaving the dead in the fields and the stairs on the walls. Inside the square, the Portuguese defense, consisting of 45 men and women, celebrated yet another example of Portuguese value.

Old Castle of Caratão

The village donated by D. Afonso Henriques to the Templars demanded another Observation Castle and defence of the Line of Tejo, but this never happened.

São Vicente Church

Founded by D. Afonso Henriques, after the conquest of Abrantes from the Moors in 1149, the Church would be reduced to ruins in one of the Moorish invasions.

Military Field of São Jorge

Leiria

Nuno Álvares Pereira led here, in 1385, the troops of King João I of Portugal to victory against the attack of King João I of Castile. In this area, situated 2km south of the Monastery of Batalha, foot soldiers were able to defeat entire teams of cavalry making use of their knowledge of the terrain. Today, the Foundation and the Interpretation Centre of the Battle of Aljubarrota, located here, have the goat of celebrating and making known the decisive moment in the history of Portugal

Monastery of Batalha

Batalha

Opposite the monastery there is a statue of Nuno Álvares Pereira on horseback and ready to fight. The monastery was erected by King João I of Portugal as a way to thank the Virgin Mary for the victory in the Battle of Aljubarrota. It took two centuries and seven kingdoms to be built from 1386 to 1517. The statue was inaugurated in 1967.

Porto de Mós Castle

Leiria

The Porto de Mós Castle and its surrounding populations were supporters of Mestre de Avis, with the castle serving also as camp and planning site before the Battle of Aljubarrota in 1385.

Port of Lagos

Lagos

It was the place where it all began. It was from here, coming from Lisbon, the ships that brought the Portuguese army and its allies to Ceuta in 1415 left, in order to conquer the city.After the first Portuguese colony in Africa had been established, it was possible to plan the entire maritime expansion path that would happen.

Sagres Fortress

Infante D. Henrique rebuilt the village of Sagres, from 1443, and here erected its fort in order to create a navigators school from where the most capable explorers would leave, to continue the expansion of the Portuguese empire overseas. However, with the change of all procedures to Lisbon, the region ended up losing some strength.

Hermitage of Restelo

Lisbon

It was already in an advanced state of degradation when Vasco da Gama and his fleet spent the night there praying, before leaving for the east in 1497.

Jerónimos Monastery

Lisbon

One of the greatest examples of Manueline architecture, it took a hundred years to be built, starting in 1501. Is directly related to the time of the Discoveries and it is still today one of the main symbols of the Portuguese nation.

Fort of São Julião da Barra

Lisbon

The largest maritime fortification in Portugal, it was built in 1553 to control the movement of vessels on the river Tejo and the ships on the port of Lisbon.

Graça Church

Santarém

Church of Santarém where Pedro Álvares Cabral is buried, who, along with Nicolau Coelho and other experienced navigators, arrived in Brazil in 1500. Its construction started in 1380 and it is one of the most remarkable examples of Gothic art in Portugal.

House of Spikes

Lisbon

Brás de Albuquerque, the son of the great military strategist and second governor of India, Afonso de Albuquerque, commissioned its construction in 1523. It has strong traces of the Manueline architectural style.

Orient Museum

Lisbon

The East is the main theme of this museum, located since 2008 in the building Pedro Álvares Cabral. Fundação Oriente manages it and it has historical, religious and artistic collections, related to the Portuguese presence in Asia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Sines Castle

Setúbal

Built in 1970, after several decades of claim by the people of Sines, the statue of Vasco da Gama in the Sines Castle, intends to be a tribute to the navigator born in the city and first man to conduct a sea voyage to India.

Church Nossa Senhora da Assunção

Lisbon

Instituted in 1421, on the old main mosque, it has became deteriorated over the years, despite the city bishop's requests for its reconstruction, which considered old-fashioned and in too bad consition compared to the rest of the city.

Church of Santa Maria de África

According to the myth, the figure in this church was found in the field after the Portuguese conquest of Ceuta in 1415, and the church itself was erected to host this figure.

Real Fort of São Filipe

It was built in 1590, 120 meters above sea level, and this fort was the first fortification of Cape Verde, essential in the fight against pirates and privateers. In the same “Cidade Velha” ("Old Town") was also built in 1495, and following the Manueline architectural style, the oldest colonial church in the world, the Church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Our Lady of the Rosary).

Arch of the Viceroys - India

It was built in 1597 by D. Francisco da Gama, the great-grandson of Vasco da Gama, to celebrate the centenary of the arrival of his great-grandfather to India.

Kilwa Fort

It is currently part of the ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara, but it was once one of the most equipped and costly Portuguese forts overseas. For this reason, it had a life as short as a few months it took to be built from 1505.

São Tomé Fort

One of the few examples of Manueline Portuguese fortifications in the Indian which survived until today. Built in 1518, it served to protect and consolidate the newly achieved trade routes that passed through the city of Tangasseri.

São Jorge da Mina Castle

Modelled from the example of Arguim fortification, the trading post of Mina, which included the Castle of São Jorge, was founded in 1482 in an area that allowed Portugal to gather great wealth and consolidate their trade routes in the Gulf of Guinea.

Paliporão Tower

It has a hexagonal shape and it is considered locally the oldest still existing European fortification structure in the country, built in 1503.

Cranganore Fortress

With walls 18 feet thick, the Portuguese built the fortress in 1507 and it lies now in ruins.

Fort of Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Ormuz

It was hard for Afonso de Albuquerque to take Ormuz and Fort of Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Ormuz (Our Lady of the Conception of Ormuz), but once he had conquered that kingdom, in 1515, all other cities and ports in the region have also become tributaries of Portugal.

Al-Jalali Fort

Along with Al-Mirani Fort, these are the "strong twins" which defended the port and the commercial city of Muscat from external naval attacks. They were both built in 1552 from the ruins of an ancient Islamic fortification, with several staircases to mislead the attacker.

Bandra Fort

Armed with seven pieces of artillery to protect the sea-lanes towards the Mumbai port, it was one of many fortifications erected by the Portuguese on the coast of western India. It was built in 1640.

Cacheu Fort

It was created in 1588 by the Portuguese to protect the first trading post founded in the Cacheu region in Guinea-Bissau. It had 16 artillery pieces.

Fort of Nossa Senhora da Piedade de Solor

It was built on an unknown date in response to a first failed attempt by the Portuguese to build a simple wooden shelter to protect themselves from Islamic native attackers, hostile to the Portuguese presence.

Church of Nossa Senhora do Oiteiro

It was built from 1520 by the individual action of a Portuguese nobleman in Malacca, Duarte Coelho Pereira, as an act of gratitude for having managed to escape a storm in the South China Sea.

Fortress of Goréia Island

Erected in 1536, it became, for several centuries and by influence of the Portuguese, one of the largest trading centres of African slaves.

Jesus de Mombasa Fort

One of the most significant examples of Portuguese military architecture on the African coast, it was erected in 1596 to face the attacks of the Ottoman Turks and to protect that factory.

Massangano Fort

It was erected in 1583 and considered an important strategic point of military colonization and ensured the integrity of the Portuguese commercial networks, which included the slave trade to the Americas.

Mazagan

A place where the Moroccan and European architectural influences come together to create something truly unique, evidenced by the walls and bastions built from 1541 which are, today, attraction points in the city of El Jadida.

Fort of Nossa Senhora da Anunciada de Amboíno

After several attempts to build wooden structures to ensure the Portuguese influence on the island of Amboíno, - all failed due to constant Islamist attacks - the Fort of Nossa Senhora da Anunciada (Our Lady of the Annunciation) was finally built in 1576.

Jafanapatão Fortress

It was built in 1558, after the conquest of Jaffna by the Portuguese, in response to appeals from Christians recently converted by St. Francisco Xavier, who were often targets of looting by Muslim traders.

Bahrain Fort

It was enlarged in 1561 on top of a hill 12 meters high, taking advantage of an ancient Arab fortification existing and served as capital for one of the most important civilizations of the region.

Reis Magos Fortress in Goa

After choosing Goa to host the capital of the Viceroyalty of India, for its good defensive characteristics, Afonso de Albuquerque had built the first fortification in that area, taking advantage of an existing Muslim military post. The Fortress of the Magi would be built later, between 1551 and 1554, during the government of Afonso de Noronha.

Safim Stronghold

The Portuguese did not build its basic structure, but it was under the influence of that kingdom that the square has become, over the first half of the century XVI, a real walled fortress, with several elements of Portuguese architecture still easily identifiable.

Santo António de Axim Fort

It was built in 1515 by Portuguese hands, to ensure the factory's kingdom in the current Ghana. The Dutch had considerably expanded it later.

São Jerónimo Small Fort

A small defensive quadrangular structure, São Jerónimo Small Fort was built in 1566 on the seafront, just over a kilometre from São Sebastião Fort, on the island of São Tomé.

São Miguel de Luanda Fortress

This was the first defensive structure built by the Portuguese in Angola, in 1575, with a very irregular shape. It houses, today, the Museu das Forças Armada (Armed Forces Museum).

São Sebastião Fortress

It was built from 1554 by the Portuguese forces to give support to the ships sailing in “Carreira da Índia” (India Carrer). The city where it was built, the Island of Mozambique, was the capital of Portuguese East Africa for more than three centuries.

São Sebastião de Baçaim Fort

You can see the traces of Portuguese architecture in the three chapels still present in the ruins of the fortress, built in 1536.

São Sebastião de Shema Fort

The Portuguese built it in 1546 in the factory of the current Ghana and it played a central role in the so-called Coast of the Portuguese Gold.

São Tiago Fort

It was built from 1555, in a markedly Manueline style and it protected the factory in the area of ​​the Portuguese Gold Coast.

Diu Fortress

It was perhaps one of the most important and well-fortified military structures built in the Portuguese State of India. Its status was up to the importance that the city of Diu had for Portuguese trade routes in the East. It was built within a year, between 1535 and 1536.

Churches and Convents of Goa

Goa, the former capital of the Portuguese “Indias”, is full of not only religious structures with influence of the kingdom of Portugal, but also of the dominant artistic style at the time, from which the Basilica of Bom Jesus, built from 1594, is the best example. It was here that the evangelization of Asia started.

Morro de Chaul Fortress

The conquest of the Morro de Chaul Fortress by the Portuguese in 1594, opposed 1500 soldiers and 1,500 natives against the sultanate troops, who tried to use two dead animals on the fort front and rear doors as a defense strategy: an elephant and a horse, respectively.

Montedor Lighthouse

It is in the village of Carreço, Viana do Castelo, where the further north lighthouse of Portugal is located. It is located about 4 nautical miles north of the mouth of the Lima River and 7 miles south of the mouth of the Minho River, and has a bright range of about 41 kilometres. It began operating in 1910 and has a square tower in granite stone 28 meters tall and a red lantern and balcony, flanked by an annex building in a 'U' shape.

Leça Lighthouse

Situated in Leça da Palmeira, Matosinhos, Leça Lighthouse, or Boa Nova, is the second largest lighthouse in the country, 46 meters high - And it has a white conical tower in concrete with black narrow strips and many outbuildings with a small museum. The lantern and balcony are red, and its light signal reaches about 52 kilometres. It was built in 1926 between the mouths of the rivers Ave and Douro, near the Port of Leixões.

Aveiro Lighthouse

The largest lighthouse in Portugal and the second largest in the Iberian Peninsula, Aveiro Lighthouse (or Barra) is located in Praia da Barra, in Gafanha da Nazaré. With a luminous range of about 43 kilometres, it consists of a cone-shaped tower with white and red stripes and several outbuildings. It was built in the late nineteenth century.

Cabo Espichel Lighthouse

It is in Cabo Espichel, Sesimbra. This lighthouse is 32 meters high. Since its opening in 1430 and the construction of its present tower in 1790, over the years, this lighthouse innovated in terms of lighting. It has a bright range of 48 kilometres.

Forte do Cavalo Lighthouse

All painted red, the lighthouse is located on the wall of São Teodósio da Ponta do Cavalo Fort in Sesimbra. It has a cylindrical tower seven meters high built in 1895, as well as the accommodation of the lighthouse keepers who worked there. Its white light has a range of about 26 kilometres.

Cabo de Sines Lighthouse

With a white cylindrical tower 22 meters high and two annex buildings, the lighthouse of Cabo de Sines, Alentejo, has a luminous range of 48 kilometres. It opened in 1880.

Cabo Sardão Lighthouse

Proposed in 1883, and of difficult access, only came into operation for the first time in 1915. The lighthouse is located at Ponta do Cavaleiro in Cabo Sardão, in São Teotónio, Beja. It has a white square tower 17 meters high in masonry. It has an annex building and a red cylindrical flashlight with light that reaches 43 kilometres.

Vila Real de Santo António Lighthouse

Late construction because it was difficult to have consensus on the actual conditions of the sandy soil where it was installed, The Vila Real de Santo António Lighthouse in the Algarve, only became operational in 1923. Its circular tower, with annex buildings, is 46 meters high and it has a light that reaches 48 kilometres.

Alfanzina Lighthouse

The white square tower 23 meters high and the masonry Alfanzina Lighthouse in Praia do Carvoeiro, in Lagoa, has a red cylindrical flashlight on its top. The Alfanzina Lighthouse, at Praia do Carvoeiro, in Lagoa, was planned and built in 1913. It has an annex building and a lighting capacity of up to 54 kilometres.

Ponta do Altar Lighthouse

On the promontory of Ponta do Altar in Lagos, there is a lighthouse with a white square tower 10 meters high built in an annex building, with corners in apparent granite and a red lantern. Built in 1893, the lighthouse has a light that reaches 30 kilometres.

Ponta da Piedade Lighthouse

Yellow square tower - five meters high and with masonry - and red lantern, the Ponta da Piedade Lighthouse in Lagos, was opened in 1913. It has an outbuilding and a bright range of 37 kilometres.

Cabo Mondego Lighthouse

It is in Buarcos, Figueira da Foz, that the lighthouse of Cabo Mondego is located. With a white square tower, in masonry, 15 meters high and a French balcony and a red dome, it has an annex building and a luminous range of 52 kilometres. It was opened in 1858.

Penedo da Saudade Lighthouse

The stone quadrangular tower of Penedo da Saudade lighthouse, built in 1912, in Leiria, is 32 meters high and it has a red light. Next to it there is an annex building coated in russet brown tiles. It has a bright range of about 56 kilometres.

Cabo Carvoeiro Lighthouse

Ex-libris of Cape Carvoeiro in Peniche, its lighthouse has a square tower of white bricks with a red lantern and a balcony of 27 meters high. It is one of the oldest lighthouses of the Portuguese coast, built in 1790 and with a current luminous range of 28 kilometres.

Berlenga Lighthouse

In Peniche, the Berlenga Lighthouse (or Duke de Bragança Lighthouse) has a quadrangular tower 29 meters high made in white masonry, with outbuildings. The lantern and the red balcony have a bright potential of 50 kilometres. It was completed in 1841 and currently it has museum pieces in the Lighthouses Head Office.

Cabo da Roca Lighthouse

The most western lighthouse of Europe, located in Colares parish, in Sintra, Cabo da Roca Lighthouse is a square tower of masonry and 22 meters high, lined with white tiles, with outbuildings, a flashlight and a red balcony. It was built in 1772 and it has a brightness of about 48 kilometres.

Cabo de Santa Maria Lighthouse

The lighthouse of Cabo Santa Maria on the island of Culatra, in Faro, has a cone-shaped white tower 46 meters high with exterior skeleton of concrete and a red light and balcony.. It opened in 1851 and it has a luminous range of 46 kilometres.

Ponta da Ferraria Lighthouse

Located on the island of São Miguel, Azores, the Ponta da Ferraria Lighthouse has a white prismatic tower 18 meters high and an annex building. It was established in 1901 and has a bright range of 50 miles.

Ponta do Arnel Lighthouse

In the northeast of the island of São Miguel in the Azores, the Ponta do Arnel Lighthouse has a white prismatic tower 15 meters tall and a red glass dome, with an annex building. It began operating in 1876 and has a current luminous range of about 46 kilometres.

Gonçalo Velho Lighthouse

Gonçalo Velho Lighthouse is located on the edge of the Castle, in the parish of Espírito Santo, in the island of Santa Maria in the Azores. It opened in 1927 with a square tower 14 meters high mad out of stone. Its red flashlight achieves a brightness of 54 kilometres.

Ponta das Contendas Lighthouse

The Ponta das Contendas Lighthouse is located in Terceira Island, in the Azores, and consists of a white prismatic tower about 13 meters high with a red dome. It opened in 1934, with an annex building, and it has a bright range of about 43 kilometres.

Ponta da Barca Lighthouse

In the northwest on Graciosa Island stands the cylindrical tower of Ponta da Barca Lighthouse, 23 meters tall and white with gray stripes. It opened in 1930, with an annex building, and has a light that reaches 37 kilometres.

Ponta da Ilha Lighthouse

With a 19-meter high white prismatic tower, with a red lantern on the top, the lighthouse Ponta da Ilha, in Lajes do Pico in the Azores, has an annex building in a 'U' shape. It was opened in 1851.

Ponta do Albernaz Lighthouse

The Ponta do Albernaz Lighthouse in Santa Cruz das Flores, is the westernmost lighthouse in the archipelago of the Azores and Europe itself. It has a cylindrical tower in masonry, painted white, 15 meters high, a red lantern and outbuildings. Built in 1925, it has a luminous range of 41 kilometres.

Ponta do Pargo Lighthouse

The Ponta do Pargo Lighthouse was built in Madeira in 1922 and has a tower 14 meters high. It is located in the westernmost region of the archipelago.

Bragança Military Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 09h00 to 12h00 and from 14h00 to 17h00; closed Mondays and holidays. The Bragança Military Museum, which occupies all floors of the Castle Keep, with a total of 165 exhibition rooms, arose in 1929 by the will to preserve the memory of the military experiences of the city. Many of its pieces were donated by the people and they tell a story of the evolution of light weapons between the twelfth and twentieth centuries.

Elvas Military Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 09h30 to 12h30 and from 14h00 to 18h00 (November to March); from 10h00 to 12h30 and from 14h30 to 19h00 (April to October). Created in 2008, it is one of the largest museums in the country, whose collection begins with the history of its own infrastructure. Inside, it has rooms dedicated to the history of the Army health service and various military trappings (infantry, cavalry, artillery, etc.). Several pieces of artillery are exhibited outside.

The Azores Military Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 17h30h. It was thought after the 1st World War in order to preserve the historical and military heritage of the Portuguese Army in the Azores, which wasn’t much at the time. Created in 2006 at S. Brás Fort, it has a collection under construction, but it can already picture chronologically, and that is appealing to the younger, the Azorean military history.

Madeira Military Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Friday, from 10h00 to 12h00 and from 14h00 to 17h00. On display in this museum are the history of military weapons in Madeira since the eighteenth century and the evolution of the construction of the São Lourenço fortress, where the museum is since 1995. It has a collection of old artillery pieces in bronze and other light weapons, with iconography about the history of the Portuguese Army in the archipelago.

Air Museum

Opening Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10h00 to 17h00. In the "Cradle of Military Aeronautics in Portugal” since 1968, the Sintra Air Base, the Air Museum plans to exhibit the historical heritage of the National Air Force. It is currently considered one of the top 20 world's aviation museums by the international criticism, thanks to its collection of over 10,000 pieces.

Almirante Ramalho Ortigão Maritime Museum

Opening Hours: Monday to Friday, from 14h30 to 16h30. The maritime activity and the Algarve fishing are the dominant themes in this space created in 1962. The Maritime Museum "Almirante Ramalho Ortigão" has three different rooms where there are ships, fishing tools and utensils, and other artefacts related to sea. It also incorporates a library versed in many areas of science.

Santo André Ship Museum

Ancient Portuguese cod fishing vessel, built in the Netherlands, made his last trip in 1997 and is today a part of the Ílhavo Maritime Museum in Aveiro.

Gil Eannes Hospital Ship

Former Portuguese hospital ship that finished its job in 1973. It lent aid to Portuguese cod fishing vessels in the waters of Newfoundland and Greenland, which required several months of stay. Nowadays, it is a museum ship in the fishing port of Viana do Castelo.

D. Fernando II e Glória Frigate

The last sailing warship of the Portuguese Navy is now a museum in Cacilhas dock. It was built in the Portuguese India and had a period of 33 years of service, completed in 1878.

Barracuda Submarine Museum

In civilian mission since 2013, after four decades of service and 52,000 hours of navigation, the last of four ships of the Albacora class to exit the asset is today a museum in Cacilhas dock.